The encapsulation or removal of building materials containing pollutants (such as lead or asbestos) to prevent the release of or exposure to fibers.
The adjustment to changes in the climate or environment. Some materials may need time to acclimate before they are positioned in a kitchen or bath.
Additional cabinetry items such as overlays, moldings, etc to enhance the appearance and quality of a project. Also includes towel bars, soap dishes, hardware, etc.
Trim attached below a tabletop or window sill
1)The portion of the exposed area between the bottom of the wall cabinets and the top of the countertop. 2) Also, an elevated section of counter material approximately 4″ high typically part of the countertop. Backsplashes are necessary to prevent water from seeping into the seam between the counter and drywall.
A built-in table with chairs in an alcove.
Hardware that allows the door to slide along a wall. Useful when a pocket door is too costly or not possible.
Cabinetry used on the floor to provide countertop support and typically is 34 ½ inches tall and 24 inches deep.
A wall designed and placed in a position to hold more of a load above it. Usually around the perimeter of a house and in strategic locations to support floor, ceiling, and roof beams.
An enclosed frame around a door or window opening. Also called trim.
Cubic feet per minute; used as a measure of the amount of air a fan can move
A trim piece that runs horizontally on a wall at the height of a chair back and is used to make the transition between a wainscot and upper wall. Originally used to prevent damage to a wall from the backs of chairs.
Crown molding encapsulates a large family of moldings which are designed to gracefully flare out to a finished top edge. Crown molding is generally used for capping walls, pilasters, and cabinets, and is used extensively in the creation of interior and exterior cornice assemblies and door and window hoods.
In recent times, crown moldings have generally made their appearance as mostly decorated plaster or wooden trim where walls meet ceilings.
The space required for a safe and clear use of an appliance, cabinet doors and safe passage.
The color of the lamp itself as compared to the color of a black reference substance when heated to various temperatures Kelvin, and the effect the lamp color has on the color of an object being illuminated by it. Or an index of how the light source itself looks to us, measured in degrees Kelvin (K).
Compact fluorescent (CFL)
A type of fluorescent lamp with the fluorescent tube coiled into a compact shape in a size similar to an incandescent bulb.
A bathroom where individual activities, like toileting or showering, are separated by walls into individual compartments.
A hinge that is attached to the door and the inside end panel or stile of a cabinet, making it not visible from the exterior of the cabinet
A drawing that shows both the existing conditions of the structure and the changes to be made to achieve the design
A structure built atop a roof to increase the usable space below or to contain windows. A window set vertically in a structure projecting through a sloping roof
Ratio of energy output of a conversion process or of a system to its energy input.
A deep sink that has a finished front. Set onto a countertop, the finished front of the sink remains exposed. This style of sink requires very little “reach-over” to access the sink.
Vent openings mounted in the top of a gable of a house to allow the exchange of air in the attic.
Safety bars installed in bathtubs and showers to prevent falls. A device, usually installed on a wall, that provide support while rising from, sitting in, entering, or exiting a bathtub or shower.
Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning.
I.L.T. (Integral Light Technology) Grilles
Grilles are permanently bonded to the inside and outside of your window glass. Nonglare foam spacer in between the grilles casts a realistic shadow like individual windowpanes would. Creates the most authentic look of true-divided-light windows.
An area of cabinets and countertops which can be accessed and walked around from all sides. Considered free standing.
Any thin material such as wood or plastic glued to the exterior of a cabinet, countertop or other surface.
A corner cabinet on which the shelves are mounted on a vertical axle such that items may be retrieved by pushing on the shelves to turn them may also be called a lazy Susan. This type is usually found in kitchens. Closed, this type of lazy Susan appears to be two normal cabinets at right angles to each other. When pushed on, the cabinet “doors” reveal the shelves, which are circular except for the ninety degree cutout where the doors are mounted.
The time between when a product or item is purchased to the actual delivery date.
An all natural flooring material made of linseed oil, cork dust, wood flour, tree resins, ground limestone, and pigments; regarded as environmentally friendly flooring.
Low-E (Low Emissive)
Glass that reflect heat, not light, and therefore keeps spaces warmer in winter and cooler in summer.
An embellishment in strip form, made of wood or other structural material, that is used to decorate or finish a surface, such as the wall of a room or around a door or window
A small vertical or horizontal strip that divides window panes from each other.
The Oil Rubbed Bronze finish is a chemically darkened surface designed to simulate aged bronze. This finish is very dark and varies from a deep chocolate brown to a dark gray and usually has copper undertones.
A panel product made from sawdust or wood particles, bonded with a resin under high heat and pressure.
A wall that separates rooms, or divides a room. Partition walls are usually not load-bearing. Partition walls are constructed of many materials, including steel panels, bricks, blocks of clay, terra-cotta, concrete, or glass blocks.
A free-standing fixture with a wide top and narrow base that conceals the plumbing.
A lighting fixture hung from the ceiling containing one or more lamps.
An area of cabinets or counter fastened on one side which can be accessed and walk up to on three sides.
A horizontal trim piece installed high up on a wall as a means of hanging pictures without puncturing the wall with nails or brads.
A door that slides horizontally on a track and is typically moved inside a wall for storage.
A small bathroom for guest near the public areas of the home. Consists of a sink and toilet.
Remove and Replace. A term describing simple remodeling project that involves removing and replacing cabinetry, fixtures and appliances without structural or mechanical changes.
An efficient heating system that warms cold objects, which then radiate heat into the surrounding space evenly.
A measure of the thermal resistance of material, especially insulation.
A light fixture that is fixed to a wall.
The sum of the products and services to be provided as a project.
A brand of drywall that is itself often used as a term for drywall.
The range or visual field in direct line with a person’s eyes, impacted by the position a person will be in when the space or product is being used. This is useful in planning heights of fixtures, fittings, lighting, windows, and more.
The portion of the door or window assembly at the bottom or floor, including the fixed and movable parts of the window or door and the fixed portion of the building into which the window or door mounts.
Site Plan (Mortgage Survey)
A drawing prepared to scale showing the placement of a proposed building(s), location of existing structures, and other lot development features — setback measurements, driveways, fencing, landscaping.
Extra deep tub that allows the user to submerge to their neck.
A lowered portion of a ceiling. The horizontal surface below the eave. A porch roof. The under surface of a lowered portion of the ceiling. A “bulkhead” in Canada. An enclosed area used to fill a space between the tops of the wall cabinets and the ceiling.
A class of rigid surfacing materials made of acrylic and/or polyester resins mixed with alumina tryhydrate.
Framing members of the wall, usually 2x4s or 2x6s which the cabinets are fastened to.
Contractors who will work specifically for another contractor or design firm
The flooring applied directly to the floor joist on top of which the finished floor rests.
Added lighting for specific tasks, like grooming, dressing, reading, etc. Lighting focused on an work area.
An indented space in cabinetry near the floor to accommodate the feet while standing next to a cabinetry.
Tongue and Groove
A method of fitting similar objects together, edge to edge, used mainly with wood, in flooring, parquetry, panelling, and similar constructions. Tongue and groove joints allow two flat pieces to be joined strongly together to make a single flat surface. Each piece has a slot (the groove) cut all along one edge, and a thin, deep ridge (the tongue) on the opposite edge. The tongue projects a little less than the depth of the groove. Two or more pieces thus fit together closely. The joint is not normally glued, as shrinkage would then pull the tongue off.
The normal walkway or passage a person would go from one place to another.
A horizontal window set above a door or other windows.
A material placed over the subfloor plywood sheeting and under the finish covering to provide a smooth, even surface. A non-structural sheet material installed on a subfloor to provide a stable, level and smooth base for the floorcovering.
Updraft ventilation systems
A kitchen ventilation system that includes a hood over a cooking surface to capture the air borne by-products of cooking and a fan to pull air up; captured air is either exhausted to the outside or filtered and re-circulated into the room, depending on the system
Bathroom cabinet with the sink on top.
Any material used for damp proofing, typically a plastic or foil sheet, that resists diffusion of moisture through wall, ceiling and floor assemblies of buildings to prevent interstitial condensation.
A sink bowl or basin that sits on top of the counter or ledge.
An application of wood paneling up to the middle or lower half of a wall
The distance between the three primary work centers (cooking surface, clean-up/prep primary sink, and refrigeration). Ideally between 12 and 26 feet in total length.
Source: Many of these definitions were obtained from the NKBA.